SORM (or Law Enforcement Support System [LESS]) was invented in 1995 by the FSB for phone and internet interception. The system was adopted by all of the neighbouring countries that had recently become independent from the Russian Federation. Since then, a hundred international technological companies have in one way or another engaged in contracts related to SORM and SORM components with local brokers or telecoms directly.
The Uzbek SORM certification department was established on December 11, 2006 at the demand of the local security agencies. Between 2007 and 2010, the UNICON center collaborated on all SORM projects in the country, and issued SORM consultancy contracts to NSN (Nokia Siemens Network), Huawei Technologies, Coscom (Teliasonera) and Iskratel. In 2009, the certification of SORM-related equipment jumped 340% in comparison to the previous year.
The SORM for telecoms in Uzbekistan was first adopted for SMS SORM surveillance. Provided by a Shanghai branch of Alcatel-Lucent, a French-based technology company that offers phone and internet surveillance with deep packet capabilities. In 2006, it was an investment worth US$4 million. Since 2009, the Alcatel S-12 solution has been further employed in SORM developments, installed on 76 additional telecom ports throughout the country, and used by all of the telecoms there, including the Swedish-owned Teliasonera.
Siemens Head Office-Tashkent Uzbekistan, 2014